Priscilla Omoleme | Psychiatric Mental Health



Symptoms of Insomnia


Insomnia is a persistent sleep disorder characterized by difficulties in falling asleep, staying asleep, or achieving restorative sleep. It can arise from various factors, including stress, anxiety, depression, lifestyle habits, or underlying health conditions. Insomnia can profoundly affect individuals emotionally, physically, and mentally, disrupting their overall well-being and daily functioning. Symptoms may include difficulty falling asleep, fragmented sleep, daytime impairments, mood disturbances, cognitive dysfunction, physical symptoms, and a significant impact on daily functioning and quality of life. Seeking guidance from healthcare professionals can help in identifying underlying causes and implementing effective treatment strategies tailored to individual needs, thus improving sleep quality and overall well-being.

Insomnia: Symptoms, Treatment, and Support | Find Relief at Wah Psychiatry Clinic
Insomnia: Symptoms, Treatment, and Support | Find Relief at Wah Psychiatry Clinic

Insomnia, a widespread sleep disorder, manifests uniquely in individuals but shares common symptoms. These include difficulty falling asleep, fragmented sleep, daytime fatigue, mood changes, cognitive impairment, physical discomfort, and impaired daily functioning. Recognizing these symptoms is vital for seeking support and interventions to manage insomnia and enhance sleep quality.

Emotional Symptoms

Persistent feelings of frustration or irritability due to lack of sleep
Anxiety or restlessness related to difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep
Sense of emptiness or numbness stemming from sleep deprivation
Guilt or self-blame for not being able to sleep, leading to heightened stress levels
Loneliness or isolation due to social withdrawal caused by fatigue and exhaustion

Cognitive Symptoms

Difficulty concentrating or making decisions due to sleep deprivation
Memory problems or forgetfulness resulting from disrupted sleep patterns
Preoccupation with thoughts about insomnia or worries about not being able to sleep
Confusion or disorientation caused by sleep deprivation affecting cognitive function
Unrealistic thoughts or beliefs about sleep, such as feeling hopeless about ever achieving restful sleep

Physical Symptoms

Fatigue or low energy levels due to inadequate sleep
Sleep disturbances, including difficulty falling asleep or waking up frequently during the night
Changes in appetite, such as overeating or loss of appetite, influenced by disrupted sleep patterns
Aches, pains, or physical discomfort resulting from tension or stress associated with insomnia
Weakened immune system and increased susceptibility to illnesses due to chronic sleep deprivation

Behavioral Symptoms

Withdrawal from social activities or relationships due to fatigue and exhaustion
Loss of interest or pleasure in previously enjoyed activities caused by lack of energy
Difficulty completing tasks or fulfilling responsibilities due to impaired cognitive function from sleep deprivation
Restlessness or agitation resulting from frustration with inability to sleep
Avoidance of sleep-related triggers or reminders, such as bedtime routines, due to negative associations with sleep

Spiritual Symptoms

Questioning one's beliefs or faith due to emotional distress and exhaustion caused by insomnia
Seeking meaning or purpose in the struggle with insomnia and its impact on daily life
Feeling disconnected from spiritual or religious practices due to fatigue and lack of energy
Seeking solace or comfort through meditation or relaxation techniques to alleviate sleep-related stress and anxiety

It’s important to recognize that these insomnia symptoms can vary in intensity and duration for each individual. Seeking support from a healthcare professional or counselor can provide guidance and assistance in managing insomnia effectively.

When to Seek Help


Individuals may consider seeking help for insomnia when they find it significantly challenging to manage their sleep difficulties, leading to adverse effects on their daily functioning and overall well-being. Here are some signs that indicate it may be beneficial to seek professional help for insomnia:

Persistent Sleep Disturbances

If insomnia symptoms persist over time and significantly disrupt sleep quality, leading to prolonged periods of sleeplessness or fragmented sleep, seeking professional intervention may be necessary.

Social Withdrawal and Isolation

Insomnia can contribute to social withdrawal and a decreased interest in social activities due to fatigue and exhaustion. Seeking help can provide support and strategies to overcome these challenges and reconnect with social networks.

Severe Emotional and Physical Symptoms

Persistent physical symptoms such as fatigue, irritability, and difficulty concentrating, along with emotional symptoms like anxiety or mood disturbances, may indicate the need for professional assistance in managing insomnia.

Impaired Daily Functioning

If insomnia interferes with an individual's ability to fulfill their daily responsibilities at work, school, or home, seeking help can offer guidance on managing these challenges and improving overall functioning.

Lack of Improvement

Despite efforts to improve sleep hygiene and implement self-help strategies, if insomnia symptoms persist or worsen over time, seeking professional guidance can offer new insights and treatment options to address underlying factors contributing to sleep difficulties.

It’s essential to recognize that seeking help for insomnia is a personal decision, and there is no predetermined timeline for seeking support. If you or someone you know is struggling with insomnia and would like assistance, reaching out to a qualified healthcare provider or sleep specialist can provide valuable guidance, support, and effective strategies to improve sleep quality and overall well-being.



When experiencing insomnia, there are various forms of treatment and support that can aid individuals in managing sleep difficulties. Here are some common approaches used in the treatment of insomnia:


Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Insomnia (CBT-I): CBT-I targets maladaptive thoughts and behaviors related to sleep, helping individuals develop healthy sleep habits and overcome insomnia. It involves techniques such as sleep restriction, stimulus control, and cognitive restructuring to promote better sleep.


Sleep Support Groups: Participating in support groups for insomnia allows individuals to connect with others facing similar sleep challenges. Sharing experiences, learning coping strategies, and receiving empathy and encouragement from peers can foster a sense of community and empowerment.


Relaxation Techniques: Practicing relaxation techniques, such as progressive muscle relaxation, deep breathing exercises, or guided imagery, can help alleviate tension and promote relaxation, facilitating the transition to sleep.


Sleep Hygiene Education: Education on sleep hygiene involves optimizing the sleep environment and establishing bedtime routines conducive to restful sleep. It includes recommendations such as maintaining a consistent sleep schedule, limiting exposure to screens before bedtime, and creating a comfortable sleep environment.


Mindfulness-Based Interventions: Mindfulness-based interventions, such as mindfulness meditation or mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR), can help individuals cultivate present-moment awareness and reduce stress and anxiety that may contribute to insomnia.


Medication Management: In some cases, medication may be prescribed to alleviate specific symptoms of insomnia or address underlying medical conditions contributing to sleep disturbances. Medications for insomnia are typically used judiciously and in conjunction with non-pharmacological interventions.


Lifestyle Modifications: Adopting healthy lifestyle habits, such as regular exercise, maintaining a balanced diet, limiting caffeine and alcohol intake, and managing stress, can support overall well-being and improve sleep quality.

By incorporating these approaches into a personalized treatment plan, individuals experiencing insomnia can effectively manage their sleep difficulties and work towards achieving restorative sleep. Working with healthcare professionals, such as sleep specialists or therapists specializing in insomnia, can provide tailored guidance and support throughout the treatment process.

What to Expect from Therapy


Insomnia therapy offers a compassionate and supportive environment for individuals struggling with sleep difficulties. It aims to help them comprehend and address the underlying causes of their insomnia, develop healthy sleep habits, and gradually restore restful sleep patterns.

During insomnia therapy sessions, a qualified therapist collaborates with individuals to create a safe and non-judgmental space to explore their sleep-related concerns. Through active listening, empathy, and tailored guidance, the therapist assists individuals in understanding their insomnia triggers, identifying behavioral or cognitive patterns contributing to sleep disturbances, and devising personalized strategies to improve sleep quality.

Seeking insomnia therapy provides individuals with the opportunity to address their sleep challenges with professional guidance and support. It empowers them to cultivate healthier sleep habits, alleviate sleep-related distress, and ultimately reclaim restful nights. Remember, overcoming insomnia is a gradual process, and seeking therapy is a proactive step toward achieving sustained improvements in sleep and overall well-being.

Insomnia therapy
Insomnia therapy