Priscilla Omoleme | Psychiatric Mental Health

Mood Disorders


Symptoms of Mood Disorders


Mood Disorders are a category of mental health conditions characterized by persistent disturbances in a person’s emotional state, affecting their overall mood and emotional well-being. These disorders can significantly impact one’s daily life, relationships, and overall quality of life.


Several mood disorders include Major Depressive Disorder (MDD), Persistent Depressive Disorder (PDD), Bipolar Disorder, and other specified and unspecified mood disorders. Each type presents with unique symptoms and patterns of mood disturbance.


Major Depressive Disorder, commonly known as depression, involves persistent sadness, hopelessness, and a loss of interest or pleasure in activities. People with depression may experience changes in appetite and sleep patterns, difficulty concentrating, low energy levels, and thoughts of self-harm or suicide.

Symptoms of Mood Disorders
Symptoms of Mood Disorders

Persistent Depressive Disorder, also referred to as dysthymia, is characterized by chronic depressive symptoms lasting for at least two years. Although the symptoms may be less severe than those of major depression, they can still significantly impact a person’s daily functioning and overall well-being.

Bipolar Disorder, previously known as manic-depressive illness, involves alternating mania or hypomania (elevated mood, excessive energy) and depression. These mood swings can be intense and disruptive, leading to significant distress and impairment in various areas of life.

Mood disorders can have various causes, including genetic factors, imbalances in brain chemistry, environmental influences, and life events. It’s essential to seek professional help for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment.

When to Seek Help


Seeking help for mood disorders is crucial when individuals experience significant disturbances in their emotional well-being and daily functioning. Here are five indicators that suggest it may be time to seek professional assistance:

Persistent and Intense Mood Swings

If you notice frequent and intense shifts in your mood that last for an extended period, such as feeling excessively sad, irritable, or emotionally unstable, it is advisable to seek help. Mood swings that disrupt your ability to engage in everyday activities may indicate a mood disorder.

Impaired Functioning

When your mood disorder begins to interfere with your ability to carry out everyday tasks, such as work, school, relationships, and self-care, seeking professional help is recommended. Difficulties in maintaining stability and functioning signify the need for support.

Impact on Relationships

Mood disorders can strain relationships due to unpredictable mood changes, emotional volatility, and difficulty managing emotions. If your relationships are consistently affected, and you find it challenging to maintain healthy connections, seeking help can provide guidance and support.

Persistent Feelings of Hopelessness or Despair

If you frequently experience overwhelming feelings of sadness, hopelessness, worthlessness, or a loss of interest in previously enjoyed activities, it may indicate a mood disorder. Seeking professional help can provide strategies to manage these emotions and regain a sense of well-being.

Suicidal Thoughts or Self-Harm

If you have persistent thoughts of self-harm, suicide, or a plan to harm yourself, it is crucial to seek immediate help. Reach out to a mental health professional on a helpline or go to the nearest emergency room. These thoughts and behaviors require urgent attention and support.

Remember, mood disorders are complex conditions, and a professional evaluation by a healthcare provider or mental health specialist is essential for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment. They can help determine the best action, including therapy, medication, lifestyle modifications, and support networks. Seeking help early can lead to better management of mood disorders and improved quality of life.

Forms of Approach


Treatment for mood disorders often involves a combination of medication, psychotherapy, and lifestyle modifications. Drugs such as antidepressants, mood stabilizers, and antipsychotics can help regulate mood and alleviate symptoms. Psychotherapy, such as cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) and interpersonal therapy, provides individuals with coping strategies, emotional support, and tools to manage their condition effectively.

What to Expect from Therapy


At our practice, we specialize in diagnosing and treating mood disorders. Led by Priscilla, a dedicated psychiatric mental health nurse practitioner, our team is committed to providing compassionate and individualized care to individuals struggling with mood disorders. We believe in a holistic approach, addressing each person’s unique needs and tailoring treatment plans to promote overall well-being.

If you or a loved one is experiencing persistent changes in mood or struggles with a mood disorder, we are here to help. Contact us today to schedule an appointment and take the first step towards understanding, managing, and improving your mood and emotional well-being.

Remember, this is a general description of Mood Disorders. Customize it further based on the specific approach and services provided by the psychiatrist’s practice.

Symptoms of Mood Disorders
Symptoms of Mood Disorders